Up Hattians Hattic
The people known as Hattis are amongst the oldest settlers in
Anatolian history. They ruled central Anatolia for about 500 years.
Small city kingdoms were their favorite type of settlement units.
They spoke a totally different language than the other influential
Anatolian civilizations. There are signs of Mesopotamian influence
on Hatti art and culture.
The main cities Mahmatlar, Horoztepe, Alacahoyuk and Hattus are
inside the Kizilirmak (Red River, a large river in central Anatolia)
They believed in a number of gods representing various acts of
nature in the form of animals. Some statues of their most popular
gods are on exhibition in some major museums of Turkey.
By the end of the 3rd millenium B.C. a large scale migration took
place mainly from North Europe to the mild weathered south. One of
the strong elements of the Indo-European people, Hittites gravitated
to Anatolia through Caucasia while Hatti principalities were ruling
These newcomers did not invade the land suddenly. They settled along
side the existing people and set their own settlement units in time.
Only after a long time, as a lot of Hittite principalities emerged,
they claimed the rule of the land, Anatolia. They never destroyed
the existing people and their cities. But instead, they mixed with
the Hattis and other people of Anatolia. They even shared their
gods, goddesses, art, culture and a large amount of words from Hatti
By 1750 B.C. Hittites were the only rulers of Anatolia.
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